The possible triangulation of Washington, Moscow, Damascus, with a possible diplomatic turning point in the war in Syria, puts the effectiveness of diplomacy against the use of weapons at the center of the international scene. The topic of Soft Power versus Hard Power returns strongly to the fore even in 2013 after the words of Pope Francis who overshadowed the pressure of arm dealers on the decision to open a conflict.
The Soft Power-Hard Power dichotomy was one of the main themes of the 2013 edition of Diplomacy. The fourth edition of the event once again represented a unique opportunity for the foreign ambassadors present in Italy to discuss all the events that shaped the political scenario in 2013: from the topic of data security following the Snowden and Wikileaks cases, to the outbreaks of revolt born on the Net, up to the relaunch of the Vatican's diplomatic activity with the appointment of the new Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Parolin.
The objective that Diplomacy set for itself - as explained by Aurelio Regina, honorary president of the Organizing Committee - is to shed light on the effectiveness of international relations and diplomatic actions, characterized by Soft Power interventions that aim at avoiding conflicts between countries, but also on how diplomacy and economy must always respond to principles of responsibility ". And it was current events that provided the necessary examples. "With the Syrian crisis and the epilogue of the Arab Spring - said Giorgio Bartolomucci, General Director of Diplomacy - the international chessboard becomes hot and the need emerges for a diplomacy that goes back to play the leading role in the resolution of international disputes".